Saturday, February 12, 2011

Cupressus macrocarpa - Monterrey Cypress

Cupressus macrocarpa: Cupressus is the Latin name for the Italian Cypressus tree (Cupressus sempervirens); macrocarpa, referring to the species' large cones.

Evergreen cypress native only to the Monterrey peninsula along the California coast, but extensively naturalized in California and around the globe. Famous for its silhouette and cultivated in coastal areas as a dense, fast-growing windbreak, hedge or park tree. Needs a moist, cool climate. Longevity 100 years in cultivation, up to 200 years in habitat.

Moderate to fast growth to 60' tall x 35' wide, with a dense, pyramidal form in youth, broad at the base with strong horizontal branching angled upward to a pointed crown. Lower branches eventually die back on older trees, giving a wider, flat-topped crown.


Foliage is dark or bright green and scale-like, each scale ~1/16" long, with blunt tips, usually without glands.


Male flowers appear as yellowish buds at the ends of foliage and shed pollen in March.


Greenish females form dark brown to grayish 1" round cones, with 4-6 wide, flat scales with blunt knots maturing in August fo the second year, openaing at seams between scales. Cones remain attached to the tree for several years.


Bark is reddish brown, narrowly seamed with a network of narrow vertical ridges and smaller diagonal ones, often taking a grayish cast as it weathers.

2 comments:

  1. Monterrey is in Mexico; the Monterey peninsula (and Monterey cypress) is located on the central coast of California, USA. Only one 'r'!!

    ReplyDelete
  2. Monterrey is in Mexico; the Monterey peninsula (and Monterey cypress) is located on the central coast of California, USA. Only one 'r'!!

    ReplyDelete